A century of heritage hidden in these caves of Ajanta.
Ajanta caves are 30 rock-cut Buddhist cave monuments dating from the 2nd century BCE to around 480 BC.
Ajanta's cave is located at a distance of about 105 km from Aurangabad city of Maharashtra state. The ancient caves of Ajanta are one of the most visited tourist places in India which are the greatest surviving examples of Indian cave art. This cave is also much older than Ellora caves. Ajanta caves are built by cutting a horseshoe-shaped rocky area along the banks of the Vaghur River. There is a collection of 26 caves on this horseshoe shaped mountain. These caves are rock-cut Buddhist monuments, which have been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. If you are interested in learning about history or looking at historical things, then traveling to Ajanta Cave can be very enjoyable for you. The art and beauty of these caves will make your mind feel at peace and happiness. Let us tell you some special things about the caves of Ajanta.
Ajanta caves are 30 rock-cut Buddhist cave monuments dating from the 2nd century BCE to around 480 BC. Located in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra state of India. These caves are located near a village called Ajanta, in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra. Ajanta caves are mainly Buddhist caves, which contain art works of Buddhism. These caves are constructed in two stages.In the first phase it was built by the kings of the Satavahanas and then by the Vakataka ruling dynasty. The first phase of Ajanta cave was built in the second century and the second phase of Ajanta caves was built in 460-480 AD. Explain that the caves of 9, 10, 12, 13 and 15A were constructed in the first phase. In the second phase, 20 cave temples were built. The first phase was erroneously called Hinayana, It is related to the Hinayana faith of Buddhist Dham. Lord Buddha is addressed from the stupa in the excavations of this phase. The second phase was excavated after about 3 century. This phase was called Mahayana phase. Many people call this phase also called Vayayak phase. Which is named after Vakataka, the dynasty ruled by Vatsagulm.
In these caves, the finest of ancient painting and sculpture was seen, which is considered to be the best example of Indian painting art and sculpture art. Ajanta caves are Buddhist monasteries or stupas of Buddhist era. This is the place where the Buddhist monks used to stay, with which they used to study and pray here. Ajanta caves were first discovered in the 19th century by a British officer in the year 1819 while they were hunting. And they saw a cave covered with bushes, leaves and stones. After this, his soldiers made their way to the cave, then they found many caves with old history there. After this, he informed the government about it. Ajanta caves have been excavated and studied since then. Subsequently, in 1983, these caves were declared as World Heritage Sites. At present, these wonderful caves are under the supervision of Archaeological Survey of India. Tourists from all over the world, especially Buddhist followers, visit this tourist place to see Ajanta caves throughout the year.
The life and teachings of Lord Buddha are told by carvings and paintings on the walls and ceilings of Ajanta caves. Ajanta has a total of 30 caves which remind you of the talent and past of the old people. The Ajanta caves have 24 Buddhist viharas and 5 Hindu temples. Of all these, Caves 1, 2, 4, 16, 17 are the most beautiful and Cave 26 is a renovated famous statue of Buddha. All these caves have been excavated on a nearly U-shaped rock cliff with a height of about 76 meters.
The name of Ajanta caves is one of the most visited tourist destination from India. Every year a large number of people come here. If you look at the history of Ajanta Cave, then tell that these caves were used as Buddhist monasteries where students and monks do their study with Vairaga. This place was very close to nature and the materialistic world was also far away.
The Chaitya Griha of Ajanta caves has beautiful paintings, roof and large windows. The caves found in the earlier excavations are similar to those found in the Deccan like Konden, Pitalakhora, Nashik. The second phase of the construction of these caves began in the 4th century, which was built during the reign of Vatako. These caves were the most beautiful and artistic. Most of the painting was done in the caves of this phase. If you are planning to visit Ajanta Caves And want to know which is the best time to go here, then tell that these caves are open for tourists all year round, but it is closed on every Monday of the month.
You can visit these caves in any season in the year. But due to the good climate and cool weather from October to February, the presence of tourists here is much more than the whole year. There is a summer season from March to June in which the temperature during the day rises above 40 ° C. This is followed by the end of June to October monsoon season. Here summer and rain are more than cold.That's why tourists coming here love to roam here from cold to Sharad Ritu. The rest you can visit here in any season of the year as per your convenience and desire.
If you are going on a journey to the caves of Ajanta, you can roam here from 09:00 am to 05:00 pm, but these caves are closed on every Monday of the month. To enter Ajanta caves, Indians will have to pay Rs 10 as entry fee, while foreigners will be charged Rs 250. If you want to take your video camera inside, then you will have to pay 25 rupees for this. Admission is free for children below 15 years of age.
If you are thinking of traveling to Ajanta caves by air, then tell us that the nearest airport to reach these caves is from Aurangabad. The distance to Ajanta caves is 120 kilometers from here. Which takes about 3 hours. After reaching Aurangabad Airport, you can reach the caves with the help of any bus or taxi. For Aurangabad you will get direct flights from major cities like Mumbai and Delhi. Both these airports have good connectivity to all important cities in India. If you are going to Ajanta caves by rail then you have to get down to Jalgaon town (60 km), the nearest railway station. Apart from this you have another option Aurangabad railway station (120 km).
For Jalgaon station you will get direct train from all important cities and tourist destinations in India from Mumbai, New Delhi, Burhanpur, Gwalior, Satna, Varanasi, Allahabad Pune, Bangalore, Goa. Similarly for Aurangabad railway station, you will get trains from cities like Agra, Gwalior, New Delhi, Bhopal etc. Explain that the connectivity of Jalgaon railway station is better than Aurangabad station. There is good road connectivity from both Aurangabad and Jalgaon cities to reach Ajanta caves. If you reach here by rail or air travel then after that you can reach the caves by road. You can have a comfortable journey by road from Mumbai (490 km), Mandu (370 km), Burhanpur (150 km), Maheshwar (300 km) and Nagpur.
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